Some important physical properties are electric conductivity, density, colour change and much more. Their physical and chemical properties vary widely. There are many differences between these chemical and physical properties of substances that will be highlighted in this article. The physical properties like color, melting point, boiling point, hardness, and malleability are observed without any chemical change in the matter. All such physical properties are measurable or observable. A material’s physical properties denote the physical state of materials that are exclusive of their chemical or mechanical components. A physical property is an aspect that can be observed or measured without being changed. The elements, electrons, and bonds that are present give the matter potential for chemical change. The answer has to do with chemical and physical changes of matter. Recognize the difference between physical and chemical, and intensive and extensive, properties. A Physical Property. It is quite difficult to define a chemical property without using the word "change". In particular, these properties encompass texture, density, mass, melting and boiling points, and electrical and thermal conductivity. Difference Between Physical Properties and Chemical Properties Perhaps the best way to distinguish between the two is by examples. In general, physical properties are those that can be observed and measured, such as the color, shape, hardness and the density of the substance. ... Have a look at the given table depicting the major differences between Metals And Non-metals for better understanding. Extensive properties, such as mass and volume, depend on the amount of matter being measured. Differences Between Metals And Non-metals. The physical and chemical properties of metalloids lie intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. Main Differences Between Physical Properties and Chemical Properties. Chemical properties are only observed during a chemical reaction and thus changing the substance's chemical composition. Some examples of chemical properties are – toxicity, the heat of combustion, reactivity, enthalpy of formation, oxidation states, radioactivity, etc. The above demarcation between metals, nonmetals, and metalloids may vary since the nature of some elements is still under research. Physical properties describe characteristics of matter rather than change in composition due to chemical reaction. Key Takeaways Key Points. Chemical properties of matter describe its potential to undergo some chemical change or reaction by virtue of its composition. What is the difference between physical and chemical properties? Chemical Properties. All properties of matter are either physical or chemical properties and physical properties are either intensive or extensive. What is the difference between a chemical property and a physical property? 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