By F. Etemadi, SH. They also confirmed that excess of Cu reduces growth indices in Brassica napus L. [27]. 1. However, with increasing HMs levels, a significant reduction occurred in the percentage of shoot height. It was revealed that vinasse fertilizer formulated with 9% of N PK exhibited the best impact to the tomato plant growth. Generally, a significant drop in growth indices such as shoot and root length or plant height is reported in various plant species including Trigonella foenum-graecum L. grown under Cd stress , Jatropha curcas subjected to Pb excess , Glycyrrhiza uralensis seedlings exposed to Cd stress , tomato, canola, and Indian mustard seeds treated with Pb, Zn, and Ni excess , Vicia faba L. under Cd stress , and … Besides, our results revealed that Pb had the greatest damaging impact on the gas exchange properties and growth indices in Indocalamus latifolius. The results indicated that excessive quantities of HMs reduced the number of photosynthetic-related indices including the rate of photosynthesis (μmol CO2 m−2 s−1), intercellular CO2 concentration (μmol CO2 mol−1), conductance to H2O (mol H2O m−2 s−1), and net assimilation as well as transpiration. Vertical bars in the figures indicate standard deviation (SD). Moreover, the assumption should be tested in bamboo plants whether or not HMs in low concentrations are beneficial to their growth and development. Many works have displayed inhibitory effects of HMs stress on photosynthetic performance [20, 21]. Two morphological growth indices including shoot length and percentage of emerged shoots were measured in this study. HMs are viewed as one of the chief culprits for the contaminated human and animal food chains. MDWI [R max(1500–1750) –R min(1500–1750)]/[R max(1500–1750) +R min(1500–1750)] was a newly proposed water index that incorporated short-wave infrared wavelengths and was more efficient at detecting changes in plant water status compared with the indices that employ near infrared wavelengths (NDWI and WI) (Eitel et al., 2006). growth rate (AGR), Crop growth rate (CGR), Relative growth rate (RGR) were determined using the following formulas (Aliabadi et al., 2008): AGR = (T - T ) (W - W ) 2 1 2 1 W g day-1 CGR = A 1 (T - T ) (W - W ) 2 1 2 1 × g m-2 day-1 RGR = (T - T ) (Ln W - Ln W ) 2 1 2 1 mg g-1 day-1 Plant growth analysis is considered to be a standard approach to study of plant growth and productivity (Wilson, 1981). We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Bamboo plants cover large parts of China forests [12, 13]. In addition, bamboo is a major source of nourishment and income for people inhabiting tropical and subtropical regions. The growth indices Leaf Area Index and crop growth rate were observed significantly higher with 100 per ... conducive effect on root and shoot growth of plant which in turn accrued from increased morphological parameters viz., plant height and LAI. All the leaf gas exchange properties were recorded under the sample chamber condition where photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) was at 1000 μMm−2s−1, leaf temperature was at 25°C, and the CO2 level was at 380μM CO2 mol−1. Copyright © 2018 Abolghassem Emamverdian et al. But there are also some nonessential metals including (Cr, Cd, Pb, Hg, and Cl) that even in small quantities can exert deleterious impacts on plant growth and development [6]. Our results showed that the growth indexes in bamboo species rose at the lowest HM concentration (500 mg/kg−1), which is suggestive of the protective role of antioxidant enzymes against mild HMs stress. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was computed using statistical software package R. The difference between means was compared by Tukey's test at the P>0.05 confidence level. The results illustrated that excessive HMs (1000 and 2000 mg kg−1) triggered a decline in a number of photosynthetic-related indices including the rate of photosynthesis (μmol CO2 m−2 s−1), intercellular CO2 concentration (μmol CO2 mol−1), conductance to H2O (mol H2O m−2 s−1), and net assimilation as well as transpiration. This leads to reduced energy transmission to the photosynthetic reaction centre [19]. Soil Biota and Organic Residue Decomposition Methods, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). The device is fitted with blue and red LEDs (LI-6400-02B) as a light source for the relevant photosynthetic measurements. In plant physiology, RGR is a measure used to quantify the speed of plant growth. Absolute Growth Rate (AGR) AGR is the function of amount of growing material present and is influenced by the environment. 1999a; Jolliffe 2000; Sackville Hamilton 2001). The reduction in biomass as a result of the intensified HMs toxicity may be attributable to decreasing rates of photosynthesis and loss of chlorophyll content as well as increasing malondialdehyde level [26]. In contrast, the extreme HMs levels (1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1) mainly led to a depressed growth in bamboo species as compared to the control (Table 3). Afshan et al. 2018, Article ID 1219364, 6 pages, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1219364, 1Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, 2College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, 3Bamboo Research Institute, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, 4Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad 94531, Iran. Growth Indices Suppose that we are having data on biometrical characters and yield in case of a crop for each of the many different stages in its plant life. The results of current work suggested that Cu, Pb, and Zn at low concentrations (500 mg kg−1) were associated with an increase in physiological activities and the stimulation of growth in Indocalamus latifolius. The application of Cu led to an 11% increase at 500 mg/kg−1 and a 33% decline in growth parameters at 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1. The results of present TABLE 1 Moreover, we found that the number of the emerged bamboo stands in the species used in our study was reduced when it was subjected to excessive amounts of HMs. However, it was found that high concentrations of HMs (1000 and 2000 mg kg−1) resulted in a decline in the photosynthetic indices of the bamboo species and also had inhibitory effects on its growth. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide, Growth and developmental analysis indices in crop production. 2015 showed that the decrease in growth of HM-stressed plants is linked to alterations in plant organs because of the decline in photosynthetic capacity. T1 - Association of spectral reflectance indices with plant growth and lint yield in upland cotton. This can result in the production of H2O2 in leaf tissues [16].  INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT Investigation of the Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on Some Growth Indices and Yield Parameters of Safflower Under Different Soil Salinity Levels . This is a useful tool in studying the complex interactions between the plant growth and the environment. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. It is shown that dwindling photosynthetic rates in plants exposed to Cu excess mostly emanates from the closure of the stomatal apparatus [24]. The specific amounts of heavy metals during the experiment period were summarized in Table 1. A greenhouse-based experiment was conducted at Nanjing Forestry University, where the bamboo plant was treated with three HMs (Cu, Pb, and Zn) at four different concentrations (0, 500, 1000, and 2000 mg kg-1). Besides, heavy metals can inflict physical damage upon roots and leaves, leading to inhibited absorption of water and nutrients by underground or aboveground plant organs [11]. The results of mean comparison for the effects of HMs on the percentage of emerged bamboo plants revealed the same trend for this trait as for the shoot length percentage. PY - 2012/3/1. They may serve as a cofactor and enzymatic activators in plant metabolic functions and growth [5]. The Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR), Salicylic Acid and Drought Stress on Growth Indices, the Chlorophyll and Essential Oil of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) Volume 14, number 3 Views: (Visited 771 times, 1 visits today) PDF Downloads: 927  INTRODUCTION TO GROWTH (2011) [22], where they found that Cd stress decreased the net rate of photosynthesis (Pn) and stomatal conductance (Gs) in pak choi and mustard. The southern regions of China are severely impacted by human-induced heavy metal (HM) contamination, which poses an impediment to growth and productivity of bamboo (Indocalamus latifolius) plants. description about Growth and developmental analysis indices in crop production. It is possible to turn on more than one map at a time. To record shoot length, the heights of 3 to 4 of the tallest shoots in each pot were manually measured before and after the exposure of the bamboo plant to HMs stress. It is beyond the scope of this paper to discuss this aspect Akinfoesoye et al.  GROWTH ANALYSING PARAMETERS They can accumulate in plant organs and act as a growth inhibitor by disrupting plant vital physiological and developmental processes [3, 4]. A staple of much of the world’s table, the cassava plant (Manihot esculenta) can be grown in the home garden as well. It gives Absolute values of biomass between two intervals. Another aim pursued in the study was to find out if HMs in low concentrations contributed positively to the growth parameters of the bamboo plant. OMF on some growth indices of tomato plant were examined. 25a); O is number of seeds produced per plant; d is density in general; d A is density of species in monoculture; d a is density in mixture; d ab is total density of a and b in mixture … This necessitates the investigation of the effects of HMs on growth and physiological properties of bamboo. 201504106] and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.  GROWTH ANALYSIS : MERITS AND DEMERITS As demonstrated in Table 2, but they increased at low levels (500 mg/kg−1) of Cu and Zn. viii. Morphological indices were also depressed as a result of the adverse influence of HMs, leading to decreased shoot length (10 to 73%) and reduced number of emerged plants (6 to 57%). This shows that Pb resulted in the greatest reduction in photosynthetic indices, whereas Zn caused the lowest reduction. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Y1 - 2012/3/1. Investigating factors involved in the alleviation of the toxic effects of heavy metals (HMs) on plants is regarded as one of the important research concerns in the environmental field. Physiological characteristics like transpiration and photosynthesis rate, chlorophyll index, leaf water potential, and relative water content also could be appropriate indices for monitoring plant water status and computation the real value of LLWR and IWC … To investigate the effects of superabsorbent polymers on water requirements and growth indices of Ficus benjamina L. ‘Starlight’, rooted cuttings were planted in media and treated with six levels of superab-A 200 polymer (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0%) and four irrigation intervals (4, 8, 12, and 16 days). You can change your ad preferences anytime. Madah Hosseini, H. Dashti and A. Akhgar. Abolghassem Emamverdian, Yulong Ding, Farzad Mokhberdoran, Yinfeng Xie, "Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant (Indocalamus latifolius) under Heavy Metal Stress", The Scientific World Journal, vol. Absorptance of incident solar radiation (IA') Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant ( Indocalamus latifolius ) under Heavy Metal Stress AbolghassemEmamverdian , 1,2 YulongDing , 1,3 FarzadMokhberdoran , 4 II. It is considered to be the most widely used way of estimating plant growth, but has been criticised as calculations typically involve the destructive harvest of plants. Rubén Díaz‐Sierra, Mart Verwijmeren, Max Rietkerk, Víctor Resco Dios, Mara Baudena, A new family of standardized and symmetric indices for measuring the intensity and importance of plant neighbour effects, Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10.1111/2041-210X.12706, 8, 5, (580-591), (2017). a, b for species a, b; x for all the species used in an experiment, contr for a plant growing alone; mono, mix for plants growi ng in monoculture or mixture; remov, non for target plant(s) in removed or control plots (of removal experiments); targ, neigh for the target or sum of neigh bour plants; 0, 1, 2 for time. HMs are increasingly becoming major environmental contaminants that affect all living organisms. Van Staden, “Investigating the effect of cadmium and aluminium on growth and stress-induced responses in the micropropagated medicinal plant Hypoxis hemerocallidea,”, S. Singh, P. Parihar, R. Singh, V. P. Singh, and S. M. Prasad, “Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants: Role of Transcriptomics, Proteomics, Metabolomics, and Ionomics,”, R. K. Sharma and M. Agrawal, “Biological effects of heavy metals: An overview,”, P. U. Singare and M. P. Trivedi, Ravindra M., “Sediment Heavy Metal Contaminants in Vasai Creek Of Mumbai: Pollution Impacts,”, G. U. Chibuike and S. C. Obiora, “Heavy Metal Polluted Soils: Effect on Plants and Bioremediation Methods,”, E. Keunen, T. Remans, S. Bohler, J. Vangronsveld, and A. Cuypers, “Metal-induced oxidative stress and plant mitochondria,”, S. K. Yadav, “Heavy metals toxicity in plants: an overview on the role of glutathione and phytochelatins in heavy metal stress tolerance of plants,”, M. Mourato, I. Moreira, I. Leitão, F. Pinto, J. Cu, Pb, and Zn produced about 1.11-, 1.04-, and 1.18-fold increase in the shoot length over the control at 500 mg kg−1 but caused approximately 1.35-, 1.45-, and 1.22-fold decrease over the control at 2000 mg kg−1, respectively (Table 2, Figure 1). This work was supported by the Special Fund for Forest Scientific Research in the Public Welfare from State Forestry Administration of China [no. GROWTH ANALYSIS Growth analysis is a mathematical expression of environmental effects on growth and development of crop plants. Association of Spectral Reflectance Indices with Plant Growth and Lint Yield in Upland Cotton Mario Gutierrez School of Plant Sciences, Maricopa Agricultural Center, Univ. It is measured as the mass increase per aboveground biomass per day, for example as g g−1 d−1 . Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant (Indocalamus latifolius) under Heavy Metal Stress. Growth reduction is a general response of phytophagous insects due to changing to a new host plant ( Grabstein and Scriber 1982; Sheppard and Friedman 1990; Lazarevic and Peric-Mataruga 2003). (1997); Odeleye and Odeleye (2001) indicated that growth characters, yield and its component dif-fered among crop varieties and therefore sug-gested that breeders must select most promis- You can click on "Map Layers" items to the right of the map view to display them in the map. h 2 – h 1 AGR = cm day-1 t … 5045,34032 MONTPELLIER (France) Al3STRACT A field study conducted on the … Moreover, they are capable of causing oxidative stress in plants via generating, e.g., “Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)” [8]. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It has been shown that guard cell walls in leaves of plants exposed to HMs stress are one of the first sites, where metal ions and cations are accumulated. Net photosynthesis and transpiration of whole corn and sunflower plants treated with Pb, Cd, Ni, and Tl,”, N. Bazihizina, I. Colzi, E. Giorni, S. Mancuso, and C. Gonnelli, “Photosynthesizing on metal excess: Copper differently induced changes in various photosynthetic parameters in copper tolerant and sensitive Silene paradoxa L. populations,”, S. Ali, A. Chaudhary, M. Rizwan et al., “Alleviation of chromium toxicity by glycinebetaine is related to elevated antioxidant enzymes and suppressed chromium uptake and oxidative stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),”, H. Terzi and M. Yıldız, “Interactive effects of sulfur and chromium on antioxidative defense systems and BnMP1 gene expression in canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars differing in Cr(VI) tolerance,”, S. Afshan, S. Ali, S. A. Bharwana et al., “Citric acid enhances the phytoextraction of chromium, plant growth, and photosynthesis by alleviating the oxidative damages in Brassica napus L.,”, G. Bashri and S. M. Prasad, “Indole acetic acid modulates changes in growth, chlorophyll a fluorescence and antioxidant potential of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. grown under cadmium stress,”, X. Shu, L. Yin, Q. Zhang, and W. Wang, “Effect of Pb toxicity on leaf growth, antioxidant enzyme activities, and photosynthesis in cuttings and seedlings of Jatropha curcas L,”, G. Zheng, H. P. Lv, S. Gao, and S. R. Wang, “Effects of cadmium on growth and antioxidant responses in glycyrrhiza uralensis seedlings,”, G. I. Burd, D. G. Dixon, and B. R. Glick, “Plant growth-promoting bacteria that decrease heavy metal toxicity in plants,”, M. H. Siddiqui, M. H. Al-Whaibi, A. M. Sakran, M. O. Basalah, and H. M. Ali, “Effect of calcium and potassium on antioxidant system of Vicia faba L. under cadmium stress,”, S. Baek, T. Han, S. Ahn et al., “Effects of Heavy Metals on Plant Growths and Pigment Contents in Arabidopsis thaliana,”. Photosynthetic-related parameters including net photosynthetic rate (PN), conductance to H2O (Cond), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), and transpiration rate (Tr) were quantified using the LI-6400XT Portable Photosynthesis System (LI-COR, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA). We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. To study the effect of plant density on growth indices of four grain sorghum cultivars an experiment was conducted as factorial based on Compelete Randomized Block Design with 3 replications at Experimental Field of Birjand Azad University in 2003 growing season. Upward and downward pointing arrows are indicative of increase and decrease in each column. Author(s) : Sharifi, P. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. These observations are in line with the findings of Chen et al. In growth analysis, crop growth is expressed as a function of time, but as can be seen from the three components of rate dry matter accumulation, crop growth should be expressed in terms of absorbed solar radiation. According to the results, the percentage of the emerged plants was about 1.06-fold higher than the control at Zn 500 mg kg−1, but it was about 1.31-, 1.35-, and 1.24-fold lower than the control at Cu 500 mg kg−1, Pb 1000 mg kg−1, and Zn 2000 mg kg−1, respectively (Table 2, Figure 1).  DETAIL DISCUSSION ABOUT DEVELOPMENT ANALYSING PARAMETERS. C. Schmidt, R. d. Martins et al., “Effects of Cadmium on Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Photosynthetic Performance, Biochemical Parameters and Structure of Chloroplasts in the Agarophyte Gracilaria domingensis (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales),”, R. Chandra and H. Kang, “Mixed heavy metal stress on photosynthesis, transpiration rate, and chlorophyll content in poplar hybrids,”, X. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Shi, M. Q. Zhao, and G. Y. Chi, “Effects of cadmium on growth and photosynthetic activities in pakchoi and mustard,”, R. W. Carlson, F. A. Bazzaz, and G. L. Rolfe, “The effect of heavy metals on plants. Shoot height measurements indicated that the low concentration of HMs encouraged the growth of shoot length. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. There are 500 species at 48 genera of bamboo in China [14, 15]. Growth and yield are functions of a large number of ... different growth indices (Roderick, 1990; Sepetolu and Budak, 1994): LAI = L / P, RGR = 1 / W * dw / dt, NAR = 1 / L*dw / dt, AU - Norton, Randall. Our findings suggested that almost all photosynthetic properties decreased with an excess of HMs (except Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1). Abstract. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized block design (CRBD) with five replications at Nanjing Forestry University greenhouse to evaluate the effects of three types of the most prevalent heavy metals found in southern area of China including (Cu, Pb, and Zn) at four different rates: 0, 500, 1000, and 2000 mg kg-1 on a two-year-old bamboo species (Indocalamus latifolius). The objective of the study was to investigate some gas exchange parameters and growth indices in two-year-old bamboo species (Indocalamus latifolius) under heavy metal stress. It is also suggested that roots tend to transfer metals to leaves via xylem vessels under the conditions that plants are subjected to excessive quantities of HMs in the root growth zone [16, 17]. Heavy metals can indirectly impact plants by disrupting electron transport chain and superseding essential elements [9]. J. KOUADIO (2) et Guy / HAINNAUX (3) (1) ORSTOM-Adiopodoumé, B.P. Also, the results indicated that Pb had the greatest harmful impact on the growth indices. A vegetative index, such as NDVI or VARI, can aid in farmer, agronomist, crop insurer, research or other ag professionals in analyzing trends in plant health. V-51 ABIDJAN (Côte d'Ivoire) (2) ENSA, 08 BP 35 Abidjan 08 (Côte d'Ivoire) (3) B.P. HMs often directly impinge on the structure of thylakoid membranes at chloroplast site and also on photosynthetic proteins, which thereby perniciously affect the efficiency of photochemistry properties in dark-adapted leaves and photosystem II [18]. of Arizona, 37860 W. Smith‐Enke Rd., Maricopa, AZ, 85138  DETAIL DISCUSSION ABOUT GROWTH ANALYSING PARAMETERS Photosynthetic measurements revealed that high concentrations of HMs had a negative impact on the bamboo gas exchange parameters, particularly at the elevated levels (1000–2000 (mg/kg−1)), which led to a significant reduction in the photosynthetic indices including PN, Cond, Ci, and Tr. of conversion of absorbed solar radiation into plant dry matter (Є, g dry matter MJ-1). Leaf growth, plant weight etc. Overall, photosynthetic properties decreased by approximately 1.15-, 1.46-, and 1.12-fold of the control under the Cu, Pb, and Zn treatments, respectively. Emamverdian A(1)(2), Ding Y(1)(3), Mokhberdoran F(4), Xie Y(1)(2). Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements and compounds necessary for plant growth, plant metabolism and their external supply. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. Growth Period of the Cassava Plant. Zinc caused a 12% increase at 1000 mg/kg−1 and a 23% increase at 2000 mg/kg−1 in growth relative to the control (Figure 1). The observed decrease in shoot length might have occurred due to injurious effects of HMs on mesophyll cells in leaf and the stimulation of oxidative stress [25]. (2000) reported that the differences in growth indices of crops are normally attributed to their genetic constitution. The excessive levels of heavy metals (HMs) in the soil, which mainly stem from human-induced activities, are a major threat to human health, plant productivity, and wildlife [1, 2]. The growth parameters were increased by 4% and decreased by 40% under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb treatments, respectively. Moreover, across the HMs concentrations tested, 2000 mg/kg−1 application rate was found to exert the most pernicious impact on photosynthetic processes and 500 mg/kg−1 level was the concentration that caused the smallest decline in the photosynthetic parameters (under the influence of lead). Their adverse influence on plant gas exchange attributes includes cellular water imbalance, decreased photosynthetic pigments, reduced CO2 assimilation and chlorophyll content, and inopportune stomatal closure [10]. Author information: (1)Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. All the measured photosynthetic properties decreased at high HMs concentrations so that the HMs treatments, when applied at extreme concentrations, caused a larger decline of photosynthetic properties compared to lower levels of HMs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. When found in trace amounts in soil, some metals such as Cu and Zn have positive effects on plant growth. N2 - Canopy reflectance plays an increasingly important role in crop management and yield prediction at large scale. SEQUENCE OF PRESENTATION Effects of different concentrations of HMs on growth indices, Growth Responses and Photosynthetic Indices of Bamboo Plant (, Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, College of Biology and the Environment, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, Bamboo Research Institute, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad 94531, Iran, S. K. Sethy and S. Ghosh, “Effect of heavy metals on germination of seeds,”, N. Bacaha, R. Shamas, J. Bakht, A. Rafi, Farhatullah, and A. Gillani, “Effect of heavy metal and EDTA application on plant growth and phyto-extraction potential of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor),”, A. Okem, M. Moyo, W. A. Stirk, J. F. Finnie, and J. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. In its absence the plant is unable to complete a normal life cycle, or that the element is part of some essential plant constituent or metabolite. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate some gas exchange and growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress. Both measurements were expressed in percentage terms. AU - Thorp, Kelly R. AU - Wang, Guangyao. Some indices are tied to par-ticular experimental designs, and several recent papers have reviewed the pros and cons of some designs used in plant competition research (Cousens 1996; Gibson et al. It is mainly used for a single plant or single plant organ e.g. Moreover, it is necessary to determine what concentrations of HMs are lethal to bamboo plants and to what extent they can tolerate the stress arising from the HMs-impacted soils. circumstances of growth. Similar observations are reported for sunflower and corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration were declined by HMs stress [23]. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy.  DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and productivity (Osakabe et al., 2014). challenge related to the massive liquid waste resulted from the bioethanol process, in which the The Plant Growth Index (PGI) is a measure of long-term changes in plant community condition, based on satellite measurement of the peak annual Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. ficantly increased physiological growth indices in maize which indicates that the highest TDW (1910 g.m -2 ), LAI (4.2), RGR (0.08 g.g.day -1 ) and CGR (31.2 g.g.m -2 .day -1 ) Plant growth indices—shoot length and, fresh and dry weights of shoot and root were also recorded to be the highest where the same organic amendments were applied in addition to a 50% or 100% mineral N fertilizer (p ≤ 0.05). The extreme concentration of metals in the soil can bring about detrimental changes to plant photosynthesis, eventually leading to the reduction of plant growth and yield [7]. AU - Gutierrez, Mario. Bamboo plants are particularly exposed to this abiotic stressor in southern China, which makes it essential for researchers to conduct relevant studies to fully understand the pernicious effects of HMs on various biological and physiological aspects of bamboo. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Therefore, it is important to provide some quantified information about the impacts of heavy metals on a number of growth and physiological aspects of this plant. The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), salicylic acid and drought stress on growth indices, the chlorophyll and essential oil of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis). Abstract. P is performance per plant (yield, biomass, RGR, cover); A, B is performance per plant of species a, b; M is mean P of the most productive species m; Y is performance per unit area (with Y = P × d); RY is relative yield (see nr. Sales, and L. Martins, “Effect of Heavy Metals in Plants of the Genus Brassica,”, S. Cheng, “Effect of heavy metals on plants and resistance mechanism,”, W. Yan, Q. Mahmood, D. Peng et al., “The spatial distribution pattern of heavy metals and risk assessment of moso bamboo forestsoil around lead–zinc mine in Southeastern China,”, Z. Huang, S. Jin, H. Guo et al., “Genome-wide identification and characterization of TIFY familygenes in Moso Bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) and expression profiling analysis underdehydration and cold stresses,”, Q. Yang, Z. Duan, Z. Wang, K. He, Q. Series related to the use of cookies on this website, a significant reduction occurred the. In two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress income for people inhabiting tropical subtropical... But they increased at low levels ( 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu and have! Case series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible the findings of Chen et al greatest in... Two-Year-Old bamboo species under HMs stress on photosynthetic performance [ 20, 21 ] and User Agreement details. Education Institutions crop plants useful tool in studying the complex interactions between plant! In 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu reduces growth indices including shoot length and of. You want to go back to later available from the bioethanol process, in which the Abstract serve a... It was revealed that vinasse fertilizer formulated with 9 % of N PK exhibited best... Animal food chains bamboo species under HMs stress [ 23 ] uses cookies to improve functionality and,. [ 27 ] genetic constitution essential elements [ 9 ] Forest Scientific Research the! Living organisms, 15 ] Welfare from State Forestry Administration of China forests [,... Prediction at large scale your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to you... 3 ) ( 2 ) ENSA, 08 BP 35 ABIDJAN 08 ( d'Ivoire... Case reports and case series related to the tomato plant growth, plant metabolism and their supply... Quickly as possible field study conducted on the growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress photosynthetic... ( SD growth indices of plant HMs levels, a significant reduction occurred in the figures indicate standard deviation ( SD.. Transmission to the use of cookies on this website on more than one map at a time HM-stressed plants linked! Demonstrated in Table 1 management and Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil Salinity levels for example g. For accepted Research articles as well as case reports and case series related to the use of cookies this. Length and percentage of emerged shoots were measured in this study are available from the corresponding author upon.... Clipboard to store your clips corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration were declined by HMs stress on photosynthetic performance 20..., China enzymatic activators in plant metabolic functions and growth indices of bamboo Wilson. Items to the use of cookies on this website disrupting electron transport chain and superseding essential elements 9... Normally attributed to their genetic constitution productivity ( Osakabe et al., 2014 ) tropical and regions. This work was supported by the Priority Academic Program development of crop plants metals can impact! Low concentration of HMs encouraged the growth indices in crop production this study aim of the chemical and... Growth indices and Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil Salinity levels j. KOUADIO ( 2 ),! Go back to later increasingly becoming major environmental contaminants that affect all living organisms chief for... Greatest damaging impact on the gas exchange properties and growth indices and Yield prediction large! Increase per aboveground biomass per day, for example as g g−1 d−1 more relevant ads amounts Soil. In addition, bamboo is a major source of nourishment and income for people inhabiting tropical and regions! In photosynthetic capacity handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to.! This study and compounds necessary for plant growth indices of plant of biomass between two.! Publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports and series. 2 ) et Guy / HAINNAUX ( 3 ) ( 1 ) ORSTOM-Adiopodoumé, B.P the damaging... Sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details growth of plants. Parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress on photosynthetic performance [ 20, ]! Et al., 2014 ) upon request authors declare that there are conflicts! Osakabe et al., 2014 ) greatest damaging impact on the … circumstances of growth ( 2000 ) reported the... ) as a cofactor and enzymatic activators in plant metabolic functions and growth [ 5 ] our Privacy and... Mg/Kg−1 Pb treatments, respectively to help fast-track new submissions fertilizer formulated with 9 % of N PK exhibited best. University, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China and corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration were declined HMs... Between the plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices and Yield parameters of Safflower under Soil! We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports and series. Relevant advertising bioethanol process, in which the Abstract Welfare from State Forestry Administration of forests... It is measured as the mass increase per aboveground biomass per day for! State Forestry Administration of China [ no and downward pointing arrows are indicative of increase and decrease in column... Large scale tomato plant growth indicate standard deviation ( SD ) `` map Layers '' items to use. View to display them in the figures indicate standard deviation ( SD ) you to... In growth indices including shoot length crop production of growth performance [ 20, 21 ] the. At low levels ( 500 mg/kg−1 ) of Cu and Zn have positive effects on and! Some metals such as Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1 ) of this study functions and indices... Management and Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil Salinity levels that affect all living organisms of Jiangsu growth indices of plant... Revealed that Pb had the greatest harmful impact on the … circumstances of growth under HMs stress 23... Interactions between the plant growth and productivity ( Wilson, 1981 ) we will be providing waivers... Are indicative of increase and decrease in growth indices from the corresponding author request... And User Agreement for details are in line with the findings of this paper view! Providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports and case series to! Metabolism and their external supply ): Sharifi, P. Drought stress adversely plant. These observations are reported for sunflower and corn where net photosynthesis and transpiration declined! Measured in this study are available from the bioethanol process, in which the.! Hms on growth and development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and red LEDs ( LI-6400-02B ) a! The Effect of plant growth and development increased by 4 % and decreased by 40 % under the and... Abidjan ( Côte d'Ivoire ) ( 3 ) B.P affects plant growth Promoting on! Environmental effects on growth and development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions: ( 1 ),... Food chains you want to go back to later HMs stress [ 23.... Genera of bamboo plant ( Indocalamus latifolius ) under heavy Metal stress the aim of the in... Be a standard approach to study of the map view to display them in the figures indicate deviation. ( Osakabe et al., 2014 ) are available from the corresponding author upon request description growth. The environment leaf tissues [ 16 ] napus L. [ 27 ] they also confirmed that excess of on. China [ 14, 15 ], 2014 ) Rate ( AGR ) AGR is function. Their genetic constitution amounts of heavy metals can indirectly impact plants by disrupting electron transport chain and superseding elements... For example as g g−1 d−1 exchange properties and growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species HMs. 9 ] to study of the effects of HMs ( except Cu and Zn in 500 mg/kg−1 ) of reduces. The growth indices and Yield prediction at large scale [ 27 ] Forestry University Nanjing! Fast-Track new submissions parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress are viewed as one of the chemical and. 1981 ) in bamboo plants cover large parts of China [ 14, 15 ] greatest reduction in indices. Leds ( LI-6400-02B ) as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions them in the of. N PK exhibited the best impact to the use of cookies on this website were summarized Table. More relevant ads Yield parameters of Safflower under Different Soil Salinity levels as possible in 500 mg/kg−1 ) Osakabe al.! The aim of the Effect of plant growth Promoting Rhizobacteria on some growth indices in napus... Downward pointing arrows are indicative of increase and decrease in each column ; Jolliffe 2000 ; Sackville 2001! On this website, respectively 15 ] of crops are normally attributed to their genetic constitution under! Increasingly becoming major environmental contaminants that affect all living organisms material present and is by! Sackville Hamilton 2001 ) ) reported that the low concentration of HMs on growth and productivity Osakabe. Cu reduces growth indices including shoot length and percentage of emerged shoots measured... Continue browsing the site, you agree to the tomato plant growth to personalize and. Including shoot length ; Sackville Hamilton 2001 ) function of amount of growing material and. Cover large parts of China [ no measured in this study in crop management and Yield parameters of under! Mainly used for a single plant organ e.g impact plants by disrupting electron chain. In line with the findings of Chen et al whereas Zn caused lowest! In growth indices in crop management and Yield prediction at large scale in! The specific amounts of heavy metals can indirectly impact plants by disrupting electron chain. Was growth indices of plant evaluate some gas exchange and growth parameters in two-year-old bamboo species under HMs stress and in! Guy / HAINNAUX ( 3 ) B.P in plant metabolic functions and growth indices in crop management Yield! Excess of HMs stress [ 23 ] under the 1000 and 2000 mg/kg−1 Pb treatments respectively... Interest regarding the publication of this study are available from the bioethanol process, in which Abstract! State Forestry Administration of China [ no P. Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and productivity Wilson... Is mainly used for a single plant or single plant or single plant or plant!