When firing blanks, the M13 or M13A1 blank-firing adaptor (BFA) is necessary in order to produce enough gas pressure to cycle the weapon with blanks. The M60E1 was the first major variant of the original M60. One of the weapons tested against it during its procurement process was the FN MAG. ISBN 0-312-03950-6. 93, 196. A lightweight universal gun mount option is also available for the M240/MAG58. Variants of the FN MAG were manufactured by at least ten companies: FN Herstal, Fabricaciones Militares, Changfeng Machinery, Indian Ordnance Factories, the Ordnance Development and Engineering Company of Singapore, Canadian Arsenals Limited, the Royal Small Arms Factory, Heckler and Koch, Manroy Engineering, Yunnan Xiyi Industry Company Limited, and Egypt's Maadi Company for Engineering Industries. The UK only uses the M60 on the back of a Chinook because MoD are too cheap to qualify the GPMG for the supplied mounting braces! The M60 is easier to carry as it has a foreward handguard compared to the MAGs angular body and its forward sling mount is halfway down the barrel, from memory, the MAG doesn't have a forward sling attachment. This is an FN(Fabrique Nationale) factory 10 shot MAGAZINE for their.41 AE caliber conversion. The Air Force cut the barrel change times, sustained fire 100 rounds per minute change barrel every 10 minutes (M-60) to 5 minutes (M-60E3), and rapid fire 200 rounds per minute change barrel every 5 minutes to 2 minutes. All major components of the Mk43/M60E4 directly interchange with other M60 configurations. It did not go into full-scale production, though many of its features were included into the later E3 and E4 variants. Older M60 models can be upgraded with a conversion kit manufactured by U.S. USORD has produced it since 2000. There were two main barrels, a lightweight barrel and another heavier type—the former for when lighter weight was desired, and the latter for situations where more sustained fire was required. The reliability problem with the M60 machine gun was even more evident when the gun was compared to the successful and reliable PK machine gun used by Warsaw Pact forces and Soviet client states, the German MG 42 from WWII and its derivatives such as the MG3, or to the FN MAG that as the M240 would eventually replace the M60. The FN MAG/GPMG is used more internationally and is generally regarded to be more reliable. Its design ensures compatibility with the M134D Vertical Arm. The M240 is several pounds heavier than the M60, and has a longer barrel and overall length, but is more reliable in use and testing. It is slightly more accurate, however. The M240 is similar to the Mark 48, though it is much longer, and thus less suited to close-range combat. US Army after some not very successfull attempts to field a purpose designed co ax adapted the M60 to the role. It is a superb piece of kit, with high reliability, easy to use, easy to strip down and clean, and I have hardly even had a stoppage which was not due to my lack of care, rather than the gun itself. The M60's gas operation is unique, and drew on technical advances of the period, particularly the White "gas expansion and cutoff" principle also exploited by the M14 rifle. It was also used in the XM19 gun pod. With the lightweight bipod mounted to the receiver, the barrel can be changed without removing the bipod. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. The up-gunned M113 armored personnel carrier ACAV added two M60 gunners beside the main .50 caliber machine gun, and the Patrol Boat, River had one in addition to two .50 cal mounts. This is the M240B, the US Army’s ground variant and replacement of the the M60 for infantry. WWII era small-arms with more modern equipment to shoot this new The cloth bandolier is reinforced to allow it to be hung from the current version of the feed tray. Why do Americans always have enough money for another losing war in Vietnam, Iraq, etc., etc.? It is an electronically controlled, hydraulic-powered, air-cooled, gas-operated, belt-fed weapon system. M60E3 = short version of M60,nearly same weight and same round. Once we got into a firefight and my belt snapped off after catching in a bush... My favourite support weapon, before the introduction of 5.56mm (which I don't like) was actually the old L4 Bren Gun. An M60 machine gun aboard a Navy patrol craft. The M60E2 is used on armored fighting vehicles, such as the M48A5, later M60 Patton versions and the K1 Type 88. Ammunition is usually fed into the weapon from a 100-round bandolier containing a disintegrating, metallic split-link belt. The main role of the GPMG in infantry use is to kill the enemy, they form the major source of firepower in a Section (US designation is Squad). The experimental T-44 machine gun developed from the German FG 42 and MG 42 machine guns. It was intended to replace the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle and M1919A6 Browning machine gun in the squad automatic weapon role, and in the medium machine gun role. M60E2, intended for co-axial use. P.S. It fires from mountings (on vehicles, aircraft, ships and boats, or on tripods) but is also used by troops on the ground. Additionally, it is possible to install parts of the fire control mechanism incorrectly, causing a "runaway gun"—meaning that it would keep firing until empty even if the operator took his finger off the trigger. What do you think of the answers? 27 may. Would thin heart walls disqualify me from military service? It is generally used as crew-served weapon and operated by a team of two or three individuals. Starting with Ranger Battalions, the US Army began adopting and modifying M240 variants to replace their remaining M60s in the early 1990s. It can be mounted on boats, vehicles and as a pintle-mounted door gun in helicopters. The M60D is still manufactured by U.S. Unlike its predecessors, the M60E3 has several updated modern features. Airman with M60, assigned to the 52nd Security Forces Squadron (SFS), at Spangdahlem Air Base (AB), Germany. Weapons: An International Encyclopedia From 5000 B.C. The ammunition bearer carries additional ammunition and the tripod with associated traversing and elevation mechanism, if issued, and fetches more ammunition as needed during firing. It also allows for the weapon to be fired offhand (shouldered) accurately. The FN MAG is slightly more modern, but it, along with the M60 are direct descendents of the MG42. When tested in the field, the M60 was fairly effective, but in the jungles of Southeast Asia in which it was soon used, the initial versions displayed several potential problems when used on the ground. This was a major factor in the Israeli Defense Force declining to adopt the M60 in favor for the FN MAG. As such, any platform equipped with an M134D system is interchangeable with the M240/MAG58 in a matter of seconds. It is a lightweight, "improved" version intended to reduce the load carried by the gunner. If someone in the military, a veteran quits for any reason, can he or she keep their ID card or will they lose it? It was derived from German machine guns of World War II (most notably the FG 42 and to a lesser extent the MG 42),[4] but it contained American innovations as well. Many British soldiers call the MAG (British built version is known as the L7) the 'gimpy' because it's quicker to say than GPMG or L7. The U.S. Navy special operations forces continued to use the M60E3 for years because of its portability and low weight for its caliber, with a number of upgrades, including a change in feed system and barrel configuration. A Belgium made belt fed GPMG first introduced in the 1950s. An M60 machine gun team changes barrels before engaging their last target during the DEFENDER CHALLENGE '88 competition. The weapon is heavy and difficult to aim when firing without support, though the weight helps reduce the felt recoil. Vehicle-mounted or stationary is fine, but they're less portable. Scaled down derivatives of the M60 machine gun also existed as the Ford Aerospace XM234 and Rodman Laboratories XM235 as a replacement for the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. 3 months ago. The M240E4 won, and was then classified as the M240B. Originally an experimental M91 tripod was developed for the M60, but an updated M2 tripod design was selected over it which became the M122. Its manufacture and continued upgrade for military and commercial purchase continues into the 21st century, though it has been replaced or supplemented in most roles by other designs, notably the M240 in U.S. The M240/MAG58 Mount can […] Bienvenidos Locos por las armas M60 Historia La ametralladora M60 comenzó su desarrollo a finales de la década de 1940, como un programa para una ametralladora nueva y más ligera del calibre 7,62 x 51 OTAN. The M60E4/MK 43 is a modern update to the entire series, such that it is also available in many of the previous configurations, such as a co-axial weapon. Repaired, or altered in any way. A member of the 810th Military Police Company mans a 7.62 mm M60 machine gun atop an M998 Humvee during Operation Desert Shield. Seems there is also a weight difference despite the disadvantage of rimmed ammo. Early MK 43s have certain differences over M60E4 from the same period, the most obvious being the duck-bill flash hider and different handguard. [9] A second sear notch was eventually added to the operating rod to reduce the chance of this happening. The U.S. Air Force Security Forces received the M60E3 from 1988 to 1989. Early M60s also had driving spring guides and operating rods that were too thin and gas pistons that were too narrow behind the piston head (part of an attempt to save weight), leading to problems with breakage.

For six decades, the 7.62mm FN MAG has been a dominant general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) in worldwide arsenals. Get answers by asking now. Yes it is. The U.S. Army officially adopted the T160E3 as the M60 in 1957. This problem was aggravated in the M60E3, which uses a lighter barrel, which required changing every 100 rounds instead of every 200. U.S. For units in Vietnam, the single most common complaint was that the M60 was comparatively unreliable and prone to jamming and other malfunctions, especially when it was dirty. A large asbestos glove was part of the standard-issue to allow the crew to handle hot barrels during barrel change. The ability to fire small bursts or single shots can sometimes be useful, e.g. No matter what you do, it's harder for one person to do than it is with the MAG because the bipod on the MAG is fixed to its body, meaning it supports itself. M60. The M60 continues to be used in the 21st century by U.S. Navy SEALs and as a door gun on U.S. Army helicopters, and was the main 7.62 mm machine gun by some U.S. special operations forces to the late 1990s. A member of the 101st Airborne Division, armed with an M60 machine gun, participates in a field exercise in 1972. This is a ProMag 30-round extended magazine for FN Five SeveN pistols in 5.7x28mm.. The gun's weight and the amount of ammunition it consumes when fired make it difficult for a single soldier to carry and operate. Navy SEAL team member fires an M60E3 from the shoulder during a field training exercise in 1987. Loss of the glove was always a problem.[8]. All ammunition must be fixed in a NATO standard M13 disintegrating metallic split-link belt to feed into the weapon. Joe, M60E3 vs SAW. It it possible the democratic leadership teamed up with the Chinese and released coronavirus in the air to bring down Trump? There are several types of live ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds. The M60 is also about 10cm shorter than a MAG and a little lighter but most of it's weight is towards the rear while the MAG has a bit better balance. As of 2005, it is used by the Coast Guard, Navy, and some reserve units, though it is being phased out in favor of the M240 7.62 mm medium machine gun. ", Department of the Army Field Manual No. The safety was awkward to operate and worked the "wrong way" for soldiers who were trained with the M16 rifle and M1911A1 pistol—that is, it required an upward movement of the thumb on the safety catch to make the gun ready to fire, rather than a downward movement as with the other weapons. FN Mag Vs M60. One of the more noticeable changes on the M60E1 is that the bipod attachment point was moved to the gas tube rather than the barrel (like on the later M60E3). Diagram Visual, p. 217. try making them like: 40 MAX - 26 MIN. The grip/trigger housing assembly is held in place with a rather fragile leaf spring clip instead of the captive pins used in other designs. and also make the reload time longer, like: 7.1 seconds. In normal conditions it would often fire thousands of rounds without a serious jam, while field conditions tended to reduce reliability without proper maintenance. That's actually a major plus. Take one GPMG mount it on a SF tripod add a C2 sight and you have one formidable Sustained Fire weapon lets see you do that with a "pig". The M60 is often used with its own integrated bipod or with the M122 tripod. There was no handle to hold the barrel by for changes. In Army trials during the 1990s the M60E4 produced by Saco Defense was pitted against the (then called) M240E4 produced by FN for a new medium machine gun to be used by the infantry. Most common in U.S. use are M61 Armor piercing, M62 Tracer, and M80 Ball. I don't think there is any reason to doubt the intelligence of the British, Belgian, Israeli, Rhodesian, South African, Canadian, Netherlands, New Zealand, Brazilian, Swedish, Mexican, Nigerian, Moroccan, Irish, Indian and Argentinian armed forces - and many more which I simply didn't mention. The new tungsten cored M993 Armor-piercing rounds may also be fired in the M60 as well, though they did not enter the inventory until after the M60 was withdrawn from service in active-duty units. A common complaint was the weapon's weight, though M60 was among the lightest 7.62 mm machine guns of the era. Fine sand and dust in the mechanism could bring the M60 to a halt. Ordnance website states in their FAQ, as of 2005, that the "M60E4 and the MK 43 are the same weapon system". There's a few nations that have used both the M60 (not the M60E3 and later models) and the FN MAG58, Australia is one of them and I've had the good fortune to use both. The MG3 and further M60 variants use disintegrating metal belts. The gunner carries the weapon and, depending on his strength and stamina, anywhere from 200 to 1000 rounds of ammunition. Early prototypes, notably the T52 and T161 bore a close resemblance to both the M1941 Johnson machine gun and the FG-42. This was an initial requirement for the design and a hold-over in concept from the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. The main difference between the standard M60 and the "C" variant is the electronic control system and the hydraulic swivel system used. As with all such weapons, it can be fired from the shoulder, hip, or underarm position. . The M240, officially the Machine Gun, 7.62 mm, M240, is the US military designation for the FN MAG (Mitrailleuse A Gaz, 'gas-operated machine gun'; alternatively, Mitrailleuse d'Appui General 'machine gun, support, general'), a family of belt-fed, gas-operated medium machine guns that chamber the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge. The GPMG is better. The M60's operating system of an operating rod turning a rotating bolt was inspired by the FG42, which was based on the much earlier Lewis Gun. Ordnance to the M60E4/MK 43. The M60D is also used by the British on Royal Air Force Chinooks. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. Major variations include the M60E1 (an improved version that did not enter production), the M60E2 (a version designed to be used from fixed mounts as a co-axial for armored vehicles or in helicopter armament systems), the M60E3 (a lightweight version) and the M60E4 (another improved version, designated Mk 43 Mod 0 by the U.S. Navy). During the Vietnam War, the M60 received the nickname "The Pig" due to its size.[7]. I need to find my relative, but haven't had time to search for him. M60 still works fine but someone at the top of the chain of command (who is obviously not a grunt) decided that they needed to give the troops more weight to carry. The machine gun’s light weight—20 to 21 pounds (9 to 10 kilograms)—and compact design make it easy to carry long distances and maneuver in tight spaces. The MK 43 Mod 1 adds significantly more rail attachment points to the weapon's receiver cover and handguard. The assistant carries a spare barrel and extra ammunition, and reloads and spots targets for the gunner. A canvas bag is also affixed to the gun to capture ejected casings and links, preventing them from being sucked into the rotor blades or into an engine intake. Another problem with the 60 is that a critical piece of the operating group can be installed back-to-front which prevents the weapon doing what it should. This version achieved a mean time between failures of 1,669 during testing in the 1970s, more frequent than the FN MAG, which was adopted in 1977 as a co-axial vehicle gun and designated the M240. The design drew on many common concepts in firearms manufacture of the period, such as stamped sheet metal construction, belt feed (a modified mechanism for belt feed from the MG42 with a single pawl), quick barrel replacement, a pistol grip and stock, and a Semi bullpup design similar to the FG42 (much of the action occupies the weapon's stock). The PKM is essentially a scaled up AKM that has been flipped over, and converted to fire from a belt. The new M240L is so much lighter. Barrels are Stellite lined for sustained fire and extended life. The Navy has designated this weapon as the MK 43 Mod 0. It was replaced in the British Army as the section LMG by the L7 general-purpose machine gun (GPMG), a heavier belt-fed weapon. M60 ammunition comes in a cloth bandolier containing a cardboard box of 100 pre-linked rounds. The only purpose of the M60 and perhaps the GPMG is to keep the enemy's head down and to keep them from firing back. The M240 is the American designation for a version of the Belgian FN MAGGPMG, designed for use as a co-axial machine gun for tanks. The M60E4 and MK 43 versions in the past were roughly similar, although they are part of the same family. Some few years later an improved version was fielded and some comparative trials were run using the new M60 co ax, the old one, PKT, MG3 (I think), FN MAG, Canadian C7 and British L7. M60 machine gun fired during a small arms familiarization exercise aboard USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19); November 2004. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". The 240D is designed to be mounted and fired by one person, but not mobile (as in on foot). However, these features also caused almost as many problems for the weapon as they fixed. It is made of matte nickel plated steel with a steel floor plate and a black plastic follower. The last two are both versions of the MAG. This is a problem for all weapons in this caliber using this tracer round. ... FN MAG is the benchmark for … I did see on on the back ramp of a chinook though. M60C production was on the order of several hundred. The M240 (and the FN MAG and the British L7, which are more or less the same thing when it comes down to it) are good weapons but are generally regarded as too heavy for infantry use. The M240 is an American 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. However, this is highly discouraged, as doing so can damage that round and increase the chance of a misfire. The basic design has undergone some smaller changes, and has been produced by different manufacturers. Evolved from the M60 Series of machine guns, it has several improvements over the originals. The M60E4/MK 43 has higher pull for the belt, and is available in a variety of configurations. Firing an M60 machine gun from the standing position during the DEFENDER CHALLENGE '88 competition. In the following paragraphs I'm talking specifically about the earlier models of the M60. Just to clarify, GPMG means General Purpose Machine Gun, a term meaning that it could be used like the light machineguns of WW1 and early WW2 but also that it could be mounted on a tripod and used in the fire support role like the heavy machineguns of WW1 & WW2. The M60 is also about 10cm shorter than a MAG and a little lighter but most of it's weight is towards the rear while the MAG has a bit better balance. The Mk43 machine gun currently is manufactured solely by U.S. He was stationed at an Air Force  base in Washington State. The M60 is considered effective up to 1,100 meters when firing at an area target and mounted on a tripod; up to 800 meters when firing at an area target using the integral bipod; up to 600 meters when firing at a point target; and up to 200 meters when firing at a moving point target. SAW = heavy belt fed version of M16A2,much lighter than M60, and uses 5.56mm round of M16 making ammo resupply easier (instead shipping 2 different types of ammo, just send more of 1 type) Hope that gives you an answer -----Pzvg The only thing I didn't like about it is valid for both guns - I don't like link ammunition. 3-22.68, MCWP 3-15.1 United States Marine Corps: "Machine Guns and Machine Gun Gunnery", US Army manual: Operator's Manual For M60, M122, M60D, Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide (FILM) M60 Presentation (.MPEG), https://vietnamwar.fandom.com/wiki/M60_machine_gun?oldid=25856, Short barrel: weight: 22.5 lb (10.2 kg); length: 37.7 in (95.8 cm), Long barrel: weight: 23.1 lb (10.5 kg); length: 42.4 in (108 cm), Assault barrel: weight: 21.3 lb (9.66 kg); length: 37.0 in (94.0 cm). The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.

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